Effects of Hot-Water Treatment of Black Spruce and Trembling Aspen Bark RAW Material on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Bark Particleboard


  • Martin Claude
  • Ngueho Yemele
  • Ahmed Koubaa
  • Papa Niokhor Diouf
  • Pierre Blanchet
  • Alain Cloutier
  • Tatjana Stevanovic


Bark, hot-water treatment, extractives, PF adhesive curing, particleboards, physical and mechanical properties


The understanding of the interaction between bark extractives and adhesives is fundamental in the manufacture of bark particleboard for optimum adhesive curing, and mechanical and physical properties of the boards. The effect of hot-water treatment on black spruce and trembling aspen bark was investigated to highlight its impact on the bark particles/phenol-formaldehyde adhesive system, and on the physical and mechanical properties of bark particleboard made from hot-water-treated bark of both species. Bark was soaked in hot water maintained at 100°C for 3 h. The results showed that the hot-water treatment affects the physical and chemical properties of the bark by decreasing hydrophilic characteristics, acidity, and the amount of condensable polyphenols that can react with formaldehyde. The mechanical properties, including static bending and internal bond of particleboard made from untreated black spruce and trembling aspen bark, were higher than those of boards made from hot-water-treated bark of the same species. The thickness swelling of particleboard made from hot-water-treated black spruce and trembling aspen bark was higher than that made from untreated bark. One exception occurred for particleboard made from 100% trembling aspen bark for which no significant difference was found between particleboards made from treated and untreated barks.


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