• G C. Ajuziogu University of Nigeria
  • C. C. Onyeke University of Nigeria
  • E. O. Ojua University of Nigeria http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8280-1175
  • A. N. Amujiri University of Nigeria
  • C. C. Ibeawuchi


Compression strength, Coefficient of flexibility, Runkel ratio, Slenderness ratio, Morphometrics, Wood maceration.


Investigations were carried out on the effect of growth ring width, fiber morphometrics, and wood type on the compressive strength of three members of the Moraceae family namely; Milicia excelsa, Treculia africana, and Antiaris toxicaria. Fiber diameter (D), Fiber length (L), fiber lumen diameter (l), cell wall thickness (c), derived fiber values, and growth ring width were measured and correlated with compressive strength. Results obtained revealed significant relationships: negative between growth ring width and compressive strength and positive between wood type and compression strength at p = 0.05 and p < 0.01 levels. A. Toxicaria had the highest compression strength which differed significantly (p = 0.05) when compared with T. africana and M. excelsa. On the other hand, T. africana was observed to have the smallest growth ring width and shorter fibers. It is evident from the results that species with narrower growth rings widths have higher compression strength, although some factors other than this, which may depend on the wood type, could equally influence the compression strength positively.

Author Biographies

G C. Ajuziogu, University of Nigeria

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology

Senior Lecturer

C. C. Onyeke, University of Nigeria

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology

Senior Lecturer

E. O. Ojua, University of Nigeria

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology,

University of Nigeria,


Post Graduate Student

A. N. Amujiri, University of Nigeria

Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology



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Research Contributions