OPTIMIZATION FOR THE LIQUEFACTION OF MOSO BAMBOO IN PHENOL USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Keywords:Liquefaction, Moso bamboo, Response surface methodology, Residue content
Bamboo liquefaction is a key process during bamboo high-value utilization, such as bamboobased nano-carbon fiber manufacturing. Liquefaction parameters have direct effects on the performance of final products. The impact of mass ratio of phenol/bamboo (P/B) powder, temperature, and liquefaction time during moso bamboo liquefaction was studied. All these parameters were studied to perform experiments based on response surface methodology (RSM). Residue content was calculated to evaluate the efficiency of moso bamboo liquefaction. Mathematical models were developed to establish the relationship between the liquefaction parameters and residue content. The results showed that within certain limits the residue content decreased with the increase of P/B and temperature; however, a further increase of P/B and temperature caused the residue content to increase. In the selected range of liquefaction time in this study, the residue content decreased with the increase of liquefaction time. The optimized combination of liquefaction parameters was 4.5, 163°C, and 46 min for P/B, temperature, and liquefaction time, respectively. The optimized result of residue content from RSM was 7.41934E-008 (%), which meant the bamboo almost completely liquefied. Because of the reasonable error of experiment, the optimized result of residue content from the confirmation experiment was 0.06%.
Aouici H, Yallese MA, Belbah A, Ameur MF, Elbah M
(2013) Experimental investigation of cutting parameters
influence on surface roughness and cutting forces in hard
turning of X38CrMoV5-1 with CBN tool. Sadhana Acad
Proc Eng Sci 38(3):429-445.
Barnes MC, Oltvoort J, Kersten SRA, Lange JP (2017) Wood
liquefaction: Role of solvent. Ind Eng Chem Res 56(3):
Chu C, Sun F, Zheng J, Wu J (2016) Preparation technology
of poplar wood powder and its resin. J For Eng 1(5):95-100
Fu S, Cheng S, Zhao G (2008) Kinetics of Moso bamboo
liquefaction with different catalysts. J Beijing For Univ
(6):119-123 (in Chinese).
GB/T 2677.8 (1994) Fibrous raw material—Determination
of acid-insoluble lignin. Standardization Administration of
China, Beijing, China.
GB/T 2677.10 (1995) Fibrous raw material—Determination
of holocellulose. Standardization Administration of China,
GB/T 742 (2008) Fibrous raw material, pulp, paper and
board—Determination of ash. Standardization Administration
of China, Beijing, China.
Janiszewska D, Frackowiak I, Bielejewska N (2016) Application
of selected agents for wood liquefaction and
some properties of particleboards produced with the use of
liquefied wood. Drewno 59(197):223-230.
Jiao Z, Zhang Q, Li J, Jie S (2008) Study on the technology of
giant reed liquefaction in phenol. J Anhui Agric Sci
(12):4825-4827 (in Chinese).
Li R, Ekevad M, Guo X, Cao P, Wang J, Chen Q, Xue H
(2015d) Pressure, feed rate, and abrasive mass flow rate
influence on surface roughness for recombinant bamboo
abrasive water jet cutting. BioResources 10(2):1998-2008.
Li R, Ekevad M, Guo X, Ding J, Cao P (2015c) Effect of
pressure, feed rate, and abrasive mass flow rate on water jet
cutting efficiency when cutting recombinant bamboo.
Li R, Guo X, Cao P, Wang X (2016) Optimization of laser
cutting parameters for recombinant bamboo based on response surface methodology. Wood Res 61(2):275-285.
Li R, Guo X, Ekevad M, Marklund B, Cao P (2015b) Investigation of glueline shear strength of pine wood bonded
with PVAc by response surface methodology. Bio-
Lu Z, Wu Z, Fan L, Zhang H, Liao Y, Zheng D, Wang S
(2016) Rapid and solvent-saving liquefaction of woody
biomass using microwave-ultrasonic assisted technology.
Biores Technol 199:423-426.
Li G, Hse C, Qin T (2015a) Wood liquefaction with phenol
by microwave heating and FTIR evaluation. J For Res
(4):1043-1048 (in Chinese).
Ma X, Zhao G (2008) Structure and performance of fibers
prepared from liquefied wood in phenol. Fibers Polym
Ma X, Zhao G (2011) Variations in the microstructure of
carbon fibers prepared from liquefied wood during carbonization. J Appl Polym Sci 121(6):3525-3530.
Ma X, Liu X, Yu L, Tian M (2014) Microstructure and
adsorption property of bamboo-based activated carbon
fibers prepared by liquefaction and curing. Wood Fiber Sci
Wu J, Zheng J, Chu C, Sun F (2016) Physical and mechanical
properties of sandwich composite using liquefied poplar
wood foam as core board. J For Eng 1(6):114-118 (in
Xie J, Hse C, Shupe T, Hu T (2016) Influence of solvent type
on microwave-assisted liquefaction of bamboo. Eur J
Wood Wood Prod 74(2):249-254.
Ye J, Liu P, Li J, Xia H, Wang K, Jiang J (2017) Acidcatalytic
liquefaction of bamboo with water/n-butanol and product
separation. J For Eng 2(02):52-57 (in Chinese).
Zhang J, Du M, Wang J, Huang S (2009) Liquefaction
technology optimization of bamboo powder and structure
characterization of reaction product. J Cellul Sci Technol
Zhang W, Fang J, Liu L, Wang H (2015) Effects of isocyanate
content on properties of liquefied bamboo foam.
J For Eng 29(05):85-88 (in Chinese).
Zhou R, Zhou R, Wang S, Lan Z, Zhang X, Yin Y, Tu S,
Yang S, Ye L (2016) Fast liquefaction of bamboo shoot
shell with liquid-phase microplasma assisted technology.
Biores Technol 218:1275-1278.
The copyright of an article published in Wood and Fiber Science is transferred to the Society of Wood Science and Technology (for U. S. Government employees: to the extent transferable), effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. This transfer grants the Society of Wood Science and Technology permission to republish all or any part of the article in any form, e.g., reprints for sale, microfiche, proceedings, etc. However, the authors reserve the following as set forth in the Copyright Law:
1. All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
2. The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In the case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain Society of Wood Science and Technology written permission as well. However, the Society may grant rights with respect to Journal issues as a whole.
3. The right to use all or part of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, text books, or reprint books.