• Wei Hong Zhou Central South University of Forestry and Technology
  • Yun Shui Yu Central South University of Forestry and Technology
  • Xue Liang Xiong Changsha Research Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Limited Company


nano-Fe, woodceramic, γ- Fe2O3 nanoparticles, mechanical properties, microwave adsorption properties


Furan resin added with γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles and Chinese fir sawdust were mixed and compressed into boards. The boards were then sintered in a vacuum furnace to obtain a nano-Fe/ woodceramic composite. The phase constitution, microstructure, and element distribution of the composite were examined by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy disperse spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. The mechanical properties, volume electrical resistivity, and wave adsorption properties were investigated. XRD analysis indicates that α-Fe, Fe3C, and graphite carbon exist in the nano-Fe/woodceramic composite, and α-Fe promotes the graphite degree of woodceramic. SEM and EDS observations indicate that the composite has a porous structure and α-Fe nanoparticles distributed in the woodceramic. Experimental results show that the maximum values of bending strength and compressive strength are 11.74 MPa and 13.86 MPa, respectively. The minimum value of volume electrical resistivity is 0.021 Ω$cm. The minimum reflection loss value is11.45 dB at 9.68 GHz with 3mm thickness of absorbing layer.






Author Biographies

Wei Hong Zhou, Central South University of Forestry and Technology

Lecturer of College of Material Science and Engineering

Yun Shui Yu, Central South University of Forestry and Technology

Professor of College of Material Science and Engineering

Xue Liang Xiong, Changsha Research Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Limited Company

Professor of Institute of Mineral Resources Development and Utilization


Akagaki T, Hokkirigawa K, Okabe T, Saito K (1999) Friction

and wear of woodceramics under oil and water lubricated

sliding contacts. J Porous Mater 6:197-204.

Hirose T, Fan TX, Okabe T, Yoshimura M (2001) Effect

of carbonization temperature on the basic properties of

woodceramics impregnated with liquefied wood. J Mater

Sci 36:4145-4149.

Hirose T, Fujino T, Fan TX, Endo H, Okabe T, YoshimuraM

(2002) Effect of carbonization temperature on the structural

changes of woodceramics impregnated with liquefiedwood.

Carbon 40:761-765.

Hirose II, Fushitani M, Okabe T, Saito K (1999) Mechanical

properties of woodceramics: A porous carbon material.

J Porous Mater 6:175-184.

Huo J, Wang L, Yu HJ (2009) Polymeric nanocomposites

for electromagnetic wave absorption. J Mater Sci 44:


Kano M, Momota M, Okabe T, Saito K (1997) Specific heat

capacity of new porous carbon materials. Woodceramics.

Thermochim Acta 292:175-177.

Li J, Li SJ (2006) Pyrolysis of medium density fiber board

impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin. J Wood Sci


Li SJ, Li J, Liu YX (2002) The making of woodceramics (I):

From solid wood. Dongbei Linye Daxue Xuebao 30(4):5-7

[In Chinese with summary in English].

Liu QL, Zhang D, Fan TX (2008) Electromagnetic wave absorption properties of porous carbon/Co nanocomposites.

Appl Phys Lett 93(1):013110.

Liu XG, Li B, Geng DY, CuiWB, Yang F, Xie ZG, Kang

DJ, Zhang ZD (2009) (Fe, Ni)/C nanocapsules for

electromagnetic-wave-absorber in the whole Ku-band.

Carbon 47:470-474.

Liu Z, Bai G, Huang Y, Ma Y, Du F, Li F (2007) Reflection

and absorption contributions to the electromagnetic interference shielding of single-walled carbon nanotube/

polyurethane composites. Carbon 45(4):821-827.

Lizuka H, Fushitani M, Okabe T, Saito K (1999) Mechanical

properties of woodceramics: A porous carbon material.

J Porous Mater 6:175-184.

Marsh H, Crawford D, Taylor DW (1983) Catalytic graphitization by iron of isotropic carbon from polyfurfuryl

alcohol, 725-1090 K. A high resolution electron microscope

study. Carbon 21:81-87.

Oh JH, Oh KS, Hong CS (2004) Design of radar absorbing

structures using glass/epoxy composite containing carbon

black in X-band frequency ranges. Compos Part B Eng


Okabe T, Saito K, Hokkirigawa K (1996) Effect of burning

temperature on the structure changes of woodceramics.

J Porous Mater 2:215-221.

Qian JM, Jin ZH, Wang JP (2004) Structure and basic made

from phenolic resin-basswood powder composite. Mater

Sci Eng A 268:71-79.

Shibata K, Okabe T, Saito K, Okayama T, Shimada M,

Yamamura A, Yamamoto R (1997) Electromagnetic

shielding properties of woodceramics made from wastepaper.

J Porous Mater 4:269-275.

Wang C, Lv RT, Kang FY, Gu JL, Gui XC, Wu DH (2009)

Synthesis and application of iron-filled carbon nanotubes

coated with FeCo alloy nanoparticles. J Magn Magn Mater


Wu WT (2008) Preparation and properties of carbon composite

from bagasse/wheat straw with different adhensives.

Nongye Gongcheng Xuebao (Beijing) 24:204-207 [In

Chinese with summary in English].

Wu ND, Liu XG, Zhao CY, Cui CY, Xia AIL (2016) Effects

of particle size on the magnetic and microwave absorption

properties of carbon-coated nickel nanocapsules. J Alloys

Compd 656:628-634.

Xing SL, Yang YF, Wu YQ (2010) Research on biological

ceramics produced by cotton stalks.Mater Rev 24: 114-116

[In Chinese with summary in English].

Xu YG, Zhang DY, Cai J, Yuan LM, Zhang WQ (2013)

Microwave absorbing property of silicone rubber composites

with added carbonyl iron particles and graphite

platelet. J Magn Magn Mater 327:82-86.

Yamada S, Otsuki E (1997) Analysis of eddy current loss in Mn-Zn ferrites for power supplies. J Appl Phys 81:4791-4793.

Yu XC, Sun DL, Sun DB, Xu ZH, Li XS (2012) Basic

properties of wood ceramics made from bamboo powder

and epoxy resin. Wood Sci Technol 46:23-31.

Zhang XF, Dong XL, Huang H, Liu YY, Wang WN, Zhu

XG, Lv B, Lei JP (2006) Microwave absorption properties

of the carbon-coated nickel nanocapsules. J Appl Phys


Zhang D, Xie XQ, Fan TX (2005) Morphology and damping

characteristics of woodceramics. JMater Sci 37:4457-4463.

Zhao BY, Hirose T, Okabe T, Zhang D, Fan TX, Hu KA

(2002) Woodceramics Prepared from wood powder/

phenolated wood composite. J Porous Mater 9:195-201.





Research Contributions