Pyrolysis kinetics of moso bamboo
Pyrolysis processes of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens), bamboo fiber, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin were investigated by thermogravimetric analyzer at different heating rates under nitrogen environment. Coatse-Redfern (CR) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose model were used to calculate pyrolysis kinetics. The results showed that the thermal degradation occurred during 300-400°C and 200-300°C for cellulose and hemicellulose, respectively. The lignin degraded from 200°C to the end of the process. The pyrolysis process of moso bamboo could be divided into three steps, which all occurred during 130-560°C. The thermal decomposition of bamboo fibers occurred during 232-390°C. As the heating rate increased, the pyrolysis processes of all samples shifted to higher temperatures. The minimum activation energy of each sample was found at different heating rates from the CR model. The results will be helpful to understand the pyrolysis mechanism of moso bamboo to effectively design its thermochemical conversion process.
Anca-Couce A, Berger A, Zobel N (2014) How to determine
consistent biomass pyrolysis kinetics in a parallel reaction
scheme. Fuel 123:230-240.
Bu Q, Lei H, Qian M, Yadavalli G (2016) A thermal behavior
and kinetics study of the catalytic pyrolysis of lignin. RSC
Chen DY, Zhou JB, Zhang QS (2014) Effects of heating rate
on slow pyrolysis behavior, kinetic parameters and products
properties of moso bamboo. Biores Technol 169:313-319.
Coats AW, Redfern JP (1964) Kinetic parameters from
thermogravimetric data. Nature 201:68-69.
Collard FX, Blin J (2014) A review on pyrolysis of biomass
constituents: Mechanisms and composition of the products
obtained from the conversion of cellulose, hemicelluloses
and lignin. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 38:594-608.
Darabant A, Haruthaithanasan M, Atkla W, Phudphong T,
Thanavat E, Haruthaithanasan K (2014) Bamboo biomass
yield and feedstock characteristics of energy plantations in
Thailand. Energy Procedia 59:134-141.
Demirbas¸ A (2001) Biomass resource facilities and biomass
conversion processing for fuels and chemicals. Energy
Convers Manage 42:1357-1378.
Dong Q, Xiong YQ (2014) Kinetics study on conventional
and microwave pyrolysis of moso bamboo. Biores Technol
Dong Q, Zhang SP, Zhang L,Ding K, XiongYQ(2015) Effects
of four types of dilute acid washing on moso bamboo pyrolysis
using Py-GC/MS. Biores Technol 185:62-69.
Evans RJ, Milne TA (1987) Molecular characterization of the
pyrolysis of biomass. Energy Fuels 1:123-137.
Koukios EG, Valkanas GN (1982) Process for chemical
separation of the three main components of lignocellulosic
biomass. Ind Eng Chem Res 21:309-314.
Lin YC, Cho J, Tompsett GA, Westmoreland PP, Huber GW
(2009) Kinetics and mechanism of cellulose pyrolysis.
J Phys Chem C 113:20097-20107.
Liu ZJ, Fei BH, Jiang ZH, Liu XE (2014) Combustion characteristics of bamboo-biochars. Biores Technol 167:94-99.
Lou R, Wu SB, Lv GJ (2010) Effect of conditions on fast
pyrolysis of bamboo lignin. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 89:
Mohan D, Pittman CU, Steele PH (2006) Pyrolysis of wood/
biomass for bio-oil: A critical review. Energy Fuels 20:
Ozawa T (1992) Estimation of activation energy by iso-conversion methods. Thermochim Acta 203:159-165.
Pandey KK (1999) A study of chemical structure of soft and
hardwood and wood polymers by FTIR spectroscopy.
J Appl Polym Sci 71:1969-1975.
Peters JF, Banks SW, Bridgwater AV, Dufour J (2017) A
kinetic reaction model for biomass pyrolysis processes in
Aspen Plus. Appl Energy 188:595-603.
Slopiecka K, Bartocci P, Fantozzi F (2012) Thermogravimetric
analysis and kinetic study of poplar wood pyrolysis.
Appl Energy 97:491-497.
Stefanidis SD,KalogiannisKG, Iliopoulou EF,Michailof CM,
Pilavachi PA, Lappas AA (2014) A study of lignocellulosic
biomass pyrolysis via the pyrolysis of cellulose, hemicellulose
and lignin. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 105:143-150.
Tao JJ, Wang HH, Chen S, Zhu F (2017) Reality in the
kinetic modelling of pyrolysis of plant fuels. Energy
Vyazovkin S (2001) Modification of the integral isoconversional
method to account for variation in the activation
energy. J Comput Chem 22:178-183.
Xiao B, Sun XF, Sun RC (2001) Chemical, structural, and
thermal characterizations of alkali-soluble lignins and
hemicelluloses, and cellulose from maize stems, rye straw,
and rice straw. Polym Degrad Stabil 74:307-319.
Yang HP, Yan R, Chen HP, Lee DH, Zheng CG (2007)
Characteristics of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin pyrolysis.
Yang ZP, Xu SW, Ma XL, Wang SY (2008) Characterization
and acetylation behavior of bamboo pulp. Wood Sci
Yao F, Wu QL, Lei Y, Guo W, Xu Y (2008) Thermal decomposition kinetics of natural fibers: Activation energy
with dynamic thermogravimetric analysis. Polym Degrad
Yorulmaz SY, Atimtay AT (2009) Investigation of combustion
kinetics of treated and untreated waste wood samples with thermogravimetric analysis. Fuel Process Technol 90:939-946.
Yu J, Paterson N, Blamey J, Millan M (2017) Cellulose,
xylan and lignin interactions during pyrolysis of lignocellulosic
biomass. Fuel 191:140-149.
Zhou H, Long Y, Meng A, Chen S, Li HQ, Zhang YG (2015)
A novel method for kinetics analysis of pyrolysis of
hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin in TGA and macro-
TGA. RSC Adv 5:26509-26516.
The copyright of an article published in Wood and Fiber Science is transferred to the Society of Wood Science and Technology (for U. S. Government employees: to the extent transferable), effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. This transfer grants the Society of Wood Science and Technology permission to republish all or any part of the article in any form, e.g., reprints for sale, microfiche, proceedings, etc. However, the authors reserve the following as set forth in the Copyright Law:
1. All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
2. The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In the case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain Society of Wood Science and Technology written permission as well. However, the Society may grant rights with respect to Journal issues as a whole.
3. The right to use all or part of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, text books, or reprint books.