LOWER TOLERANCE LIMIT APPROACH TO EQUATION-BASED RATIONAL DESIGN VALUES FOR L-SHAPED MORTISE AND TENON JOINTS

Authors

  • Carl Albert Eckelman Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
  • Eva Haviarova Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
  • Ali Kasal Mugla University, Turkey
  • Yusuf Z. Erdil Mugla University, Turkey

Keywords:

Lower tolerance limits, non-linear regression analysis, design values

Abstract

Statistical lower tolerance limits (LTLs) were computed for the ratios obtained by dividing the test values for 360 L-shaped rectangular mortise and tenon joints consisting of 72 different configurations of five specimens each by the corresponding values estimated by a nonlinear-regression expression fitted to the test data. LTLs were computed for the resulting ratios at the 75∣75, 90∣75, 75∣90, and 90∣90 confidence∣proportion levels. At these levels, the corresponding LTLs amounted to 88.1%, 87.4%, 75.8%, and 74.9%, respectively, of the estimates. The percentages of values that fell below the above stated LTLs were 24.2%, 23.3%, 8.3%, and 7.5%. On average, 53% of the test values below a given tolerance limit fell in the range of 90-99% of that limit. Differences between 75∣75 and 90∣75 limits as well as between 75∣90 and 90∣90 limits were sufficiently small that the greater confidence level appears desirable. This study is too limited in scope to suggest the appropriate confidence∣proportion level that might be used in determining design values for joints as a percentage of estimated values, but it does raise the question and emphasizes the importance of determining what percentage of failure is acceptable along with what level of confidence is appropriate for furniture design.

 

 

 

Author Biographies

Carl Albert Eckelman, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Professor

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources 

Eva Haviarova, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Associate Professor

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

 

 

Ali Kasal, Mugla University, Turkey

Associate Professor

Department of Wood Science & Furniture Design 

Yusuf Z. Erdil, Mugla University, Turkey

Professor

Department of Woodworking and Industrial Engineering

References

Eckelman CA (1974) Reasonable design stresses for woods used in furniture. Purdue University Research Bulletin 916. 7 pp.

Ireson WG, Bernard ES, Resnikoff GJ (1960) Statistical Tolerance Limits. Technical Manual No. 1. Stanfford Univ. 43 pp.

Kasal A, Eckelman CA, Haviarova E, Erdil YZ, Yalcin I (2015) Bending Moment Capacities of L-Shaped Mortise and Tenon Joints under Compression and Tension Loadings. BioResources 10(40):7009-7020.

Link CL (1985) An Equation for One-Sided Tolerance Limits for Normal Distributions. RES. Pap. FPL 458. Madison, WI. USDA, FS, FPL, 4p.

Natrella MG (1963) Experimental Statistics. NBS Handbook 91. USGPO. Wash. DC.

Ostle B (1963) Statistics in Research. Iowa State University Press. Ames. 585 pp.

Published

2017-03-29

Issue

Section

Research Contributions