Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Analysis for Classification of Water Molecules in Wood by a Theory of Water Mixtures


  • Sang-Yun Yang
  • Chang-Deuk Eom
  • Yeonjung Han
  • Yoonseong Chang
  • Yonggun Park
  • Jun-Jae Lee
  • Joon-Weon Choi
  • Hwanmyeong Yeo


Water in wood, near-infrared spectroscopy, water mixture model, Buijs-Choppin theory


This study was conducted to analyze the mechanism of moisture adsorption-desorption in wood using near-IR (NIR) spectroscopy. NIR spectra reflected from moist wood were acquired, and spectra in the range from 1800-2100 nm, which were sensitive to water variation, were decomposed into three different components according to the Buijs and Choppin theory. It is assumed that the three components represent three types of bound water: water molecules without -OH groups engaged in hydrogen bonds (S0), water molecules with one -OH group engaged in a hydrogen bond (S1), and water molecules with two -OH groups engaged in hydrogen bonds (S2). Ratios of the decomposed spectra of NIR absorbed by each type of water molecule were analyzed during changes in water adsorption-desorption states. Through this analysis, a sorption model for predicting the structural state of each water component in wood was constructed. This model may be used to explain the effect of each water component on the occurrence of hysteresis as well as the transient state between bound water and free water. Based on the model, it was concluded that the monomolecular water layer in yellow poplar wood formed below approximately 8% MC during adsorption. Additionally, the phenomenon of hysteresis was demonstrated by the difference between the ratios of the S2 components in desorption and adsorption.


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