Manufacture of Wood-Cement Composites from <i>Acacia Mangium</i>. Part II. Use of Accelerators in the Manufacture of Wood-Wool Cement Boards from <i>A. Mangium</i>
Keywords:Wood-wool cement boards, <i>Acacia mangium</i>, accelerators, physical properties, chelation, phenolic extractives
AbstractIn the second paper in this series, we test the hypothesis that cement-setting accelerators with the ability to chelate phenolic extractives will be more effective at improving the physical properties of wood-wool cement boards made from the heartwood of Acacia mangium than conventional accelerators. Furthermore, we assess whether the use of chelating accelerators will allow boards with acceptable properties to be manufactured from A. mangium wood-wool that has not been subjected to preliminary aqueous extraction to remove phenolic extractives. Batches of wood-wool from A. mangium containing approximately 75% heartwood were either soaked in water or used in their native form. The batches were then treated with an aqueous solution containing an inorganic compound (generally 0.05 or 0.1 M) selected for its ability to accelerate the hydration of Portland cement, and in the case of 5 of the 11 compounds tested, chelate phenolic extractives. Individual wood-wool cement boards were manufactured from each treated batch of wood-wool and tested for their dry and wet bending strength (MOR), stiffness (MOE), and water absorption properties. Boards made from untreated or water-soaked wood-wool acted as controls. The MOR and MOE of boards made from unsoaked A. mangium wood-wool and treated with the chelating accelerators tin or ferric chloride at 0.1 M concentration were 10.8 and 10.9 MPa and 2256 and 2178 MPa, respectively. These same boards showed less than 5% thickness swelling after 24-h immersion in water. In contrast most of the boards containing a conventional non-chelating accelerator had no structural integrity. The combination of a chelating accelerator and a conventional accelerator was particularly effective at improving the physical properties of boards made from unsoaked wood-wool. We conclude that wood-wool cement boards with acceptable physical properties can be manufactured from A. mangium heartwood by treating wood-wool with inorganic compounds that have the ability to chelate phenolic extractives and accelerate the hydration of Portland cement. Our findings could eliminate the need to pre-soak A. mangium wood-wool in water during the manufacture of wood-wool cement boards and may have broader relevance to the manufacture of wood-wool cement boards from other hardwood species containing phenolic extractives.
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