Effects of Planting Density on Visually Graded Lumber and Mechanical Properties of Taiwania

Song-Yung Wang, Jin-Hau Chen, Kuang-Ping Hsu


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of planting density on the quality of visually graded lumber, and the strength properties of 35-year-old Taiwania (Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay). The results are summarized as follows.

(1) Lumber obtained from the site with type S planting density (6940 trees/ha) were mostly of better grade (84.6% including first and second grades), followed by type Q (2500 trees/ha) (69.1%), type R (3300 trees/ha) (62.5%), whereas poorer lumber was found mostly from trees with type P planting density (1000 trees/ha) (41.6%).

(2) Specimens cut from trees of type S planting density site had the largest average values of ultrasonic velocity (Vu), dynamic modulus of elasticity obtained from transversal vibration (Edt), dynamic modulus of elasticity obtained from ultrasonic velocity (Edu), modulus of elasticity at bending (MOE), and modulus of rupture at bending (MOR), followed in decreasing order by those of type P, type R, and type Q sites.

(3) Interrelations between Vu, Edu, Edt, MOE, and MOR can be represented by positive linear regression formulas. The differences were highly significant.


Taiwania;planting density;visually graded lumber;ultrasonic wave velocity;dynamic modulus of elasticity;bending properties (MOE, MOR)

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