A Model for Predicting Wood Failure with Respect to Grain Angle in Orthogonal Cutting
Keywords:Surface quality, knife cutting, wood machining, orthogonal cutting, torn grain
AbstractHardwoods were orthogonally cut against the grain to determine a relation between slope of grain and wood failure. White ash, sugar maple, and basswood specimens at approximately 8% moisture content were cut with a 40° rake angle cutter, 0.010-inch depth of cut, and 61/2 inches per minute feed rate. Certain types of wood failure were associated with the inflection points and maximum of the model μ = Θab(Θ-c) + d, where μ was the cutting coefficient of friction determined from cutting forces and rake angle and Θ was the grain angle in radians.
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