A Model for the Sawing and Grading of Lumber According to Knots
Keywords:Model, sawing, grading, knots, structural lumber
AbstractAs a means to determine the grade improvement potential of black spruce, a sawing and grading model is presented. It uses an analytical representation of the knots, the boards, the log, along with the National Lumber Grades Authority Visual Strength Grading Rules, as a means to grade the sawn lumber according to the knots. A simulation was performed using knot data collected on the surface of a black spruce log. The log was then sawn, and the data were collected on the board surfaces. The simulation shows that, in general, the model approximates well the knot diameter on the boards using data collected on the log's surface, but the "equivalent diameter" as calculated from the NLGA Rules underestimates it.
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