Creep and Creep-Recovery Models for Wood Under High Stress Levels
Keywords:Creep, recovery, duration-of-load, model, clear specimen, high stress level, southern pine
AbstractForty small clear southern pine specimens were loaded under third-point bending to examine creep and creep-recovery behavior for wood under high stress levels. Stress levels of between 69% and 91% of the predicted static strength were applied for 23 h with 1 h allowed for recovery, and the resulting deflection vs. time behavior was studied. The experimental creep and creep-recovery behavior was modeled using modified power law functions. The results indicate that these functions provide the best fit to both primary and secondary experimental data. The empirical models can be used to simulate the viscoelastic behavior of wood under high stress levels. The simulation will provide a useful tool in future studies to examine duration-of-load (DOL) effect, which is one of the more important factors in wood structural design.
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