Butt Joint Reinforcement in Parallel-Laminated Veneer (PLV) Lumber

D. S. Larson, L. B. Sandberg, T. L. Laufenberg, G. P. Krueger, R. E. Rowlands


Parallel-laminated veneer (PLV) is a high-strength structural material consisting of thin parallel-laminated wood veneers. The use of graphite-cloth reinforcement, placed on either side of a butt joint in 1 1/2- by 3 1/2- by 32-inch Douglas-fir PLV tensile members, was assessed. The finite-element method of analysis was used to predict the behavior in different unreinforced and reinforced butt-jointed PLV tensile members. Relationships between the reinforcing parameters—length, modulus of elasticity, and thickness—and the stresses in the wood and reinforcement components were developed by regression analysis techniques. The reinforcing mechanism reduced the peak stresses at the butt joint and hence increased the ultimate strength of the member. Design of PLV material whose strength is limited by shear stresses that develop at the butt joint is facilitated by use of the proposed relationships.

Experimental testing confirmed the predictions of the finite-element analysis. Failure initiated at the unreinforced joint in the specimens. Average tensile strength increased and variability decreased in reinforced specimens. Application of a small amount of reinforcement at the butt joint has been shown to enhance PLV performance.


Parallel-laminated veneer (PLV);laminated veneer lumber (LVL);joints;buttjoints;stress analysis;design;reinforcement

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