PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT OF TASMANIAN PLANTATION EUCALYPTUS NITENS USING SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS
Short rotation plantation forests in Tasmania, Australia, are dominated by Eucalyptus nitens (common name: shining gum). These forests were primarily planted to provide material for pulp and paper production, but the timber is increasingly sought after for higher value and more enduring applications. Plantation E. nitens has a high proportion of low durability heartwood that resists penetration by conventional fluid preservatives. This limits its use to indoor applications. One approach to overcoming the refractory nature of E. nitens is to modify the treatment fluid. We investigated the use of supercritical carbon dioxide to deliver biocides deep into the wood. Timbers varying in thickness from 19 to 35 mm and 900 mm long were treated with a multicomponent biocide under supercritical conditions in a commercial facility in Denmark. The resulting timber was cut into zones inward from the surface. Wood from these zones was ground and extracted for HPLC analysis for tebuconazole and propiconazole. Preservative was detected in the inner portion of every sample examined, indicating that the process resulted in treatment throughout the boards, with concentrations meeting and on average exceeding the targeted amounts.
The copyright of an article published in Wood and Fiber Science is transferred to the Society of Wood Science and Technology (for U. S. Government employees: to the extent transferable), effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. This transfer grants the Society of Wood Science and Technology permission to republish all or any part of the article in any form, e.g., reprints for sale, microfiche, proceedings, etc. However, the authors reserve the following as set forth in the Copyright Law:
1. All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
2. The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In the case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain Society of Wood Science and Technology written permission as well. However, the Society may grant rights with respect to Journal issues as a whole.
3. The right to use all or part of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, text books, or reprint books.