INVESTIGATION OF BIOGAS DIGESTATE AS FIBER MATERIALS FOR COMPOSITES
Fiber reinforced plastics with synthetic fibers are widely used. Plant fibers are also known to produce more sustainable composites. However, there is a great interest in finding alternatives to classical natural fibers. The digestate of biogas plants seems to be such an alternative. Biogas plants are fed with plant-based substrates and during the digestion, the biomass is degraded. In this study, the fiber quality of digestates from four biogas plants with different initial substrates is investigated. Therefore, typical fiber properties, such as slenderness ratio, cell wall components, and the potential fiber performance, are measured. According to the general definition, the solid part of the digestate is a fiber material. The slenderness ratio is 5 or higher and the density is 1.5 gcm23, which is typical for natural fibers. Fibers with similar properties are already used in composite materials.
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