TECHNICAL NOTE: POSITIVE EFFECTS OF DOUBLE-SIDED PROFILING ON THE CUPPING AND CHECKING OF ACQ-TREATED DOUGLAS FIR, WESTERN HEMLOCK AND WHITE SPRUCE DECKBOARDS EXPOSED TO NATURAL WEATHERING
Keywords:Douglas fir, western hemlock, white spruce, treated decking, profiling, checking, cupping, growth ring orientations, weathering
Machining grooves into the upper surface of wooden deckboards reduces undesirable checking that develops when deckboards are exposed to weather. But profiled boards cup more than unprofiled boards. We sought a solution to this problem and hypothesized that profiling both sides of boards would reduce the cupping of profiled boards. We tested the effects of profile type (Flat, single-, and double-sided profiles) and growth ring orientation (concave vs convex) on the cupping and checking of alkaline copper quaternary-treated deckboards made from Douglas fir, western hemlock, and white spruce. There were significant differences in the cupping of deckboards made from the three different wood species (Douglas fir<white spruce<western hemlock), and boards with concave growth ring orientations cupped significantly less than boards with convex growth ring orientations. Most importantly, our results show that double-sided profiling reduces the cupping of deckboards, irrespective of wood species, and growth ring orientations of deckboards. Double-sided profiling also significantly reduced checking of deckboards exposed to the weather. We conclude that profiling the underside or profiled deckboards to create a “balance” double-sided board is a simple solution to the problem of increased cupping that develops when profiled (single-sided) softwood deckboards are exposed to weather.
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