Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Bamboo Metallization for Aesthetic Finishing of Furniture and Wood Decorative Objects by An Electroless/Electrolytic Process

Jose De Jesus Perez Bueno, Maria de Lourdes Montoya García, Maria Luisa Mendoza López, Gabriela Montoya García


This work aims to propose and describe bamboo metallizing, in part or totally, for furniture or aesthetical decorations. Bamboo provides a diverse metallic appearance; however, its use with real metal, already conferred to plastics, may increase the chance of use of this green material. The furniture industry requires sustainable options for both the base material for manufacturing of many pieces of furniture with a useful purpose, and surfaces finished with high quality and variety in their aesthetic appearance. This includes bamboo ornaments, which are useful to complement interior decoration. The coatings obtained include copper, silver, nickel, brass, and tin, each of which had some variants in luster. The main change incorporated into the process for metallizing nonconducting surfaces was the introduction of a common base for all surfaces, regardless of its roughness, shape, size, or other surface conditions. Then, this base was taken through an electroless process followed by electrolytic stages. Modification of the current process prevents the need for an initial stage of etching to increase chemical conditioning and roughness. The obtained metallic luster was that intended for decorative applications.


Bamboo; furniture; sustainability; finishing; coatings.

Full Text:



ASTM G195-08 (2013) Standard guide for conducting wear tests using a rotary platform, double head abraser. Book of standards volume: 03.02. ASTM,West Conshohocken, PA.

ASTM D4060-10 (2013) Standard test method for abrasion resistance of organic coatings by the Taber abraser. Book of standards volume: 06.02. ASTM,West Conshohocken, PA.

Brooman EW (2004) Wear behavior of environmentally acceptable alternatives to chromium coatings: Nickel based candidates. Met Finish 102:75-82.

Eichhorn SJ, Dufresne A, Aranguren M, Marcovich NE, Capadona JR, Rowan SJ, Weder C, Thielemans W, Roman M, Renneckar S, Gindl W, Veigel S, Keckes J, Yano H, Abe K, Nogi M, Nakagaito AN, Mangalam A, Simonsen J, Benight AS, Bismarck A, Berglund LA, Peijs T (2010) Review: Current international research into cellulose nanofibres and nanocomposites. J Mater Sci 45:1-33.

Hui B, Li J, Wang L (2014) Electromagnetic shielding wood based composite from electroless plating corrosion resistant Ni–Cu–P coatings on Fraxinus mandshurica veneer. Wood Sci Technol 48:961-979.

Kanta AF, Vitry V, Delaunois F (2009) Wear and corrosion resistance behaviors of autocatalytic electroless plating. J Alloys Compd 486:L21-L23.

Kanta AF, Vitry V, Delaunois F (2010) Wear and corrosion resistance of electroless nickel–boron coated mild steel. Mater Sci Forum 638-642:846-851.

Newman RH (2008) Simulation of X-ray diffractograms relevant to the purported polymorphs cellulose IVI and IVII. Cellulose 15:769-778.

Obataya E, Kitin P, Yamauchi H (2007) Bending characteristics of bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) with respect to its fiber–foam composite structure. Wood Sci Technol 41:385-400.

Sahoo P, Das SK (2011) Tribology of electroless nickel coatings—A review. Mater Des 32:1760-1775.

Saito F, Kishimoto K, Nobira Y, Kobayakawa K, Sato Y (2007) Nickel electroplating bath using malic acid as a substitute agent for boric acid. Met Finish 105:192-204.

Shi C, Tang Z, Wang L, Wang L (2017) Preparation and characterization of conductive and corrosion-resistant wood-based composite by electroless Ni–W–P plating on birch veneer. Wood Sci Technol 51:685-698.

Sittisart P, Hyland MM, Hodgson MA, Nguyen C, Fernyhough A (2014) Preparation and characterization of electroless nickel coated cellulose fibres. Wood Sci Technol 48:841-853.

Sun L, Li J, Wang L (2012) Electromagnetic interference shielding material from electroless copper plating on birch veneer. Wood Sci Technol 46:1061-1071.

Wang L, Li J, Liu H (2011) A simple process for electroless plating nickel-phosphorus film on wood veneer. Wood Sci Technol 45:161-167.

Xing Y, Xue Y, Song J, Sun Y, Huang L, Liu X, Sun J (2018) Superhydrophobic coatings on wood substrate for self-cleaning and EMI shielding. Appl Surf Sci 436:865-872.

Xing-yan H, Jin-qiu Q, Jiu-long X, Jian-feng H, Bai-dong Q, Simin Ch (2015) Variation in anatomical characteristics of bamboo, Bambusa rigida (Variasi dalam ciri anatomi buluh, Bambusa rigida). Sains Malays 44:17-23.

Zhao WX, Ma Q, Li LS, Li XR, Wang ZL (2014) Surface modification of ABS by photocatalytic treatment for electroless copper plating. J Adhes Sci Technol 28:499-511.

Zhao X, Chen H, Wang S, Wu Q, Xia N, Kong F (2018) Electroless decoration of cellulose paper with nickel nanoparticles: A hybrid carbon fiber for supercapacitors. Mater Chem Phys 215:157-162.


  • There are currently no refbacks.