• Wanhe Hu International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
  • Xiaomeng Yang International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
  • Bingbing Mi International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
  • Fang Liang International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
  • Tao Zhang International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan
  • Zhijia Liu International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan


Bamboo, Masson pine, Coal, Gas compounds, Pyrolysis.


Bamboo, wood, and coal were pyrolyzed by a thermogravimetric analyzer coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectrometry to investigate gaseous carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur compounds from fuels. It was found that the main gas compounds of fuels included carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia gas, and hydrogen cyanide. Compared with masson pine, bamboo had a higher gas release and more mass loss due to its lower pyrolysis temperatures when temperature was lower than 350°C. Coal had the lowest gas release and the least mass loss due to the higher pyrolysis temperature during the whole pyrolysis process. The char-C, N, and S contents of all fuels increased with increase in pyrolysis temperature. The results from this research will be helpful to utilize the wastes of masson pine and bamboo for energy products.




Beaumont (1985) Flash pyrolysis products from beech wood.

Wood Fiber Sci 17(2):228-239.

Chen CX, Ma XQ, He Y (2012) Co-pyrolysis characteristics

of microalgae chlorella vulgaris and coal through

TGA. Biores Technol 117:264-273.

GB/T 214-2007. Determination of total sulfur in coal, analysis

standard of china. D21 75.160.10.

GB/T 476-2008. Determination of carbon and hydrogen in

coal, analysis standard of china. D21 73.040.

Guan R, Li W, Chen H, Li B (2004) The release of nitrogen

species during pyrolysis of model chars loaded

with different additives. Fuel Process Technol 85:


Ivan Š, Gabor V, Michael J, Antal J, Anna E, Tamas S,

Piroska S (1988) Thermogravimetric/mass spectrometric

characterization of the thermal decomposition of (4-Omethyl-

D-glucurono)-D-xylan. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis


Jiang ZH (2007) Bamboo and rattan in the world (In English).

China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, China.

Kawser J, Jun-ichiro H, Zhu LC (2004) Pyrolysis of a victorian

brown coal and gasification of nascent char in CO2

atmosphere in a wire-mesh reactor. Fuel 83:833-843.

Knudsen JN, Jensen PA, Lin WG (2004) Sulfur transformations

during thermal conversion of herbaceous biomass.

Energy Fuels 18:810-819.

Li SZ (2006) The present situation and forecast of biomass

energy and technology in china. Sol Energy 1:42-46.

Li SD, Chen XL, Liu AB, Wang L, Yu GS (2015)

Co-pyrolysis characteristic of biomass and bituminous

coal. Biores Technol 179:414-420.

Liu ZJ, Fei BH, Jiang ZH, Liu XE (2014) Combustion

characteristics of bamboo-biochars. Biores Technol


Montiano MG, Díaz-Faes E, Barriocanal C (2016) Kinetics

of co-pyrolysis of sawdust, coal and tar. Biores Technol


Naoto T (2014) Effects of solid residence time and inherent

metal cations on the fate of the nitrogen in coal during

rapid pyrolysis. Energy Fuels 28:5721-5728.

Ndibe C, Maier J, Scheffknecht G (2015) Combustion,

cofiring and emissions characteristics of torrefied biomass

in a drop tube reactor. Biomass Bioenerg 79:


Pu ZT, Mi J, Kang J, Zhang SG (2015) Kinetics and activation

energy of solvent swelling of coal altered by an

ultrasonication-enhanced process. Korean J Chem Eng


Qu TT, Guo WJ, Shen LH, Xiao J, Zhao K (2011) Experimental

study of biomass pyrolysis based on three major

components: hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin. Ind

Eng Chem Res 50:10424-10433.

Richards GN (1987) Glycoaldehyde from pyrolysis of

cellulose. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 10:251-255.

Richards GN, Zheng G (1991) Influence of metal ions and

of salts on products from pyrolysis of wood: Applications

to thermochemical processing of newsprint and

biomass. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 21:133-146.

Sahu SG, Chakraborty N, Sarkar P (2014) Coal-biomass

co-combustion: An overview. Renew Sustain Energy

Rev 39:575-586.

Sharan S, Van HC, Song-Charng K (2011) Producer gas

composition and NOx emissions from a pilot-scale biomass

gasification and combustion system using feedstock

with controlled nitrogen content. Energy Fuels


Skodras G, Grammelis P, Basinas P (2007) Pyrolysis

and combustion behavior of coal-MBM blends. Biores

Technol 98:1-8.

Stubenberger G, Scharlera R, Zahirovića S, Obernbergera I

(2008) Experimental investigation of nitrogen species

release from different solid biomass fuels as a basis for

release models. Fuel 87:793-806.

Tan JH, Feng YH, Wu DS (2012) Comparative study on

growth and wood property of six Pinus massoniana families

in seed orchard. West China Forestry Sci 41:94-98.

Wang SR, Guo XJ, Wang KG, Luo ZY (2011) Influence

of the interaction of components on the pyrolysis behavior

of biomass. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 91:183-189.

Wang XL, Guo HQ, Liu FR, Hu RS, Wang MJ (2016)

Effects of CO2 on sulfur removal and its release behavior

during coal pyrolysis. Fuel 165:484-489.

Yang HP, Yan R, Chen HP, Zheng CG, Lee DH, Liang

DT (2005) In-depth investigation of biomass pyrolysis

based on three major components: Hemicellulose, cellulose

and lignin. Energy Fuels 20:388-393.

Zhang J, Tian Y, Zhu J, Zuo W, Yin LL (2014) Characterization

of nitrogen transformation during microwaveinduced

pyrolysis of sewage sludge. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis


Zhang S, Bai YP, Mi L, Zheng PP, Chen XJ, Xu DP,

Wang YG (2013) Effect of heating rate on migration and

transformation of N during pyrolysis of Shengli brown

coal. J Fuel Chem Technol 41:1153-1159.

Zhao LH, Chu XJ, Cheng SJ (2012) Sulfur transfers from

pyrolysis and gasification of coal. Adv Mater Res







Research Contributions