Fundamentals of Flakeboard Manufacture: Viscoelastic Behavior of the Wood Component


  • M. P. Wolcott
  • F. A. Kamke
  • D. A. Dillard


Viscoelasticity, wood polymers, pressing, wood composites, flakeboard, density gradient, environmental conditions


Theories of the viscoelastic behavior of amorphous polymers are reviewed and are used to describe the density gradient formation in flakeboard. This technique utilizes measured temperature and gas pressure at discrete locations inside a flake mat during hot pressing to predict the glass transition temperature of wood as a function of press time. The difference between the flake temperature and the predicted glass transition temperature is a relative indicator of the amount of flake deformation and stress relaxation at a location in the mat. A knowledge of the stress history imposed in the mat is then used to relate flake deformation and stress relaxation to the formation of a density gradient. This analysis allows for a significant portion of the density gradient to develop after the hot press has closed. Experimental data for various density gradients support the theories presented here.


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