Structural Changes in the Central Appalachian Hardwood Sawmilling Industry

William Luppold


The Central Appalachian hardwood sawmilling industry has undergone considerable change over the past two decades. Production, average sawmill capacity, and sawmill concentration have increased while the number of sawmills has decreased. However, these changes have not been uniform across states. The largest increases in production capacity occurred in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Pennsylvania, while the largest increases in average mill capacity occurred in Ohio, North Carolina, and Virginia. Changes in sawmill concentration were examined using estimated cumulative concentration curves. This analysis found that average mill capacity and the proportion of production capacity in large sawmills are not necessarily indicative of the degree of sawmill concentration. The increase in sawmill concentration is also correlated with increasing stumpage and log prices.


Hardwood;sawmills;sawmill concentration

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