The Effect of end Distance and Number of Ready-to-Assemble Furniture Fasteners on Bending moment Resistance of Corner Joints


  • Milan Simek
  • Eva Haviarova
  • Carl Eckelman


Bending moment resistance, furniture joint, end distance, laminated particleboard, cam fastener, nonglued wooden dowel


Although they are widely used by the furniture industry, ready-to-assemble (RTA) furniture fasteners are a relatively new style of joinery. The object of this study was to investigate the effect of end distance of cam-lock RTA fasteners and nonglued wooden dowels on the splitting and bending moment resistance, respectively, of RTA corner joints. Laminated particleboard, cam fasteners, and wooden dowels were used for specimen construction (as used in the furniture industry). In two studies, L-shaped joint specimens 760 mm long were tested in compression. The first study showed that end splits in panels were eliminated when cam fasteners were located 60 mm from the member ends. In the second study, specimens with two cam fasteners supported by 2, 3, 4, or 5 nonglued dowels were tested. These specimens had significantly higher bending moment resistance than comparable joints that used only cam fasteners but no dowels. Thus, it was concluded that unglued dowels used to position parts for assembly substantially reinforce joints constructed with cam fasteners.


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Research Contributions