Product Engineering and Performance Testing in Relation to Strength Design of Furniture
Keywords:Furniture, strength design, performance testing, product engineering
This article contains a narrative description of the history, current status, and possible future progress of the product engineering, strength design, and performance testing of furniture. Product engineering is covered both in general and from a furniture perspective. Strength design of furniture forms the essential part of the article.
Reliability concepts are depicted in general both in their application to furniture and in their incorporation into standards for performance testing. The major objective of reliability and performance testing is to improve the durability and safety of furniture products and to predict failure or unexpected problems associated with them.
Testing and evaluation are needed to obtain safe and reliable furniture and should provide pertinent expected performance information to manufacturers and customers alike. Both the history of development of strength design and its current stage of development are treated, along with suggestions for its use in improvement of furniture construction. In conclusion, an integrated methodology for the production of high strength furniture in view of current technological improvements is outlined.
Benton, A. W., and L. H. Crow. 1989. Integrated Reliability and Growth Testing, Proc. Annual Reliability Maintainability Symposium:160-166.nEckelman, C. A. 1968. Furniture Frame Analysis and Design. Ph.D. Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. 231 pp.nEckelman, C. A. 1977. Evaluating the strength of library chairs and tables. Library Tech. Reports13(4):337-433.nEckelman, C. A. 1978a. Development of tests and results of test program. National Technical Information Service, Department of Commerce. Washington, DC.nEckelman, C. A. 1978b. Development of performance tests for upholstered furniture—Design of Equipment. National Technical Information Service, Department of Commerce. Washington, DC.nEckelman, C. A. 1979. Evaluation tests for air traffic controller's chairs. Report to National Furniture Center of the General Services Admin. Washington, DC. Unpublished.nEckelman, C. A. 1982. The use of performance tests and quality assurance programs in the selection of library chairs. Library Tech. Reports18(5):483-571.nEckelman, C. A. 1985. Performance test method for intensive use task chairs. FNEW-83-269D. Washington, DC.nEckelman, C. A. 1988a. Performance testing of furniture. Part 1. Underlying concepts. Forest Prod. J.38(3):44-48.nEckelman, C. A. 1988b. Performance testing of furniture. Part 2. A multipurpose universal structural performance test method. Forest Prod. J.38(4):13-18.nEckelman, C. A., and S. Munz. 1987. Rational design of cases with front frames and semi-rigid joints. Forest Prod. J.37(6): 25-30.nGeneral Services of Administration. 1981. Upholstered Furniture Test Method. FNAE-80-214. Washington, DC.nGustafsson, S. I. 1995. Furniture design by use of the finite element method. Holz Roh-Werkst.53(4):257-260.nGustafsson, S. I. 1996a. Finite element modeling versus reality for birch chairs. Holz Roh-Werkst.54(1996):355-359.nGustafsson, S. I. 1996b. Stability problems in optimised chairs. Wood Sci. Technol.30:339-345.nGustafsson, S. I. 1997a. Indeterminate chair frames of ash wood. Holz Roh-Werkst.55(1997):255-259.nGustafsson, S. I. 1997b. Optimizing ash wood chairs. Wood Sci. Technol.31(1997):291-301.nHart, D. 1965. Some structural aspects of furniture design. The Furniture Industry Research Association3(10): 14-17. FIRA, Stevenage, Great Britain.nHindsley, H. R. 1968. The structural design of small chairs. The Furniture Industry Research Association6(24):88-89. FIRA, Stevenage, Great Britain.nKasal, B., and S. V. Pullela. 1995. Development of analytical models for furniture. Technical Note, North Carolina State University, Furniture Manufacturing and Management Center, Raleigh, NC 27695. 80 pp.nKotas, T. 1957. The theoretical and experimental analysis of cabinet structures. Furniture Development Council Res. Rep. No. 6. London, UK.nKotas, T. 1958a. Stiffness of case furniture. Prezem. Drzenwy. No. 10 and 11:10-14, 15-18. Warszawa, Poland.nKotas, T. 1958b. Design manual for cabinet furniture. Pergamon Press, New York, NY. 49 pp.nKovacs, Z., and F. Orban. 1999. Strength design of furniture—Could it be practice or not? Pages 69-79 in Proc. 4th International Conference on the Development of Wood Science, Wood Technology and Forestry. Bucking-hamshire, England.nLin, S., and C. A. Eckelman. 1987. Rigidity of furniture cases with various joint constructions. Forest Prod. J.37(1):23-27.nSmardzewski, J. 1998. Numerical analysis of furniture constructions. Wood Sci. Tech.32:273-286.nSmith, C. O. 1980. Materials selection and design reliability. Pages 1-8 in Proc. International Conference on Reliability, Stress Analysis and Failure Prevention. Century II—Emerging Technology Conferences. San Francisco, CA.n
The copyright of an article published in Wood and Fiber Science is transferred to the Society of Wood Science and Technology (for U. S. Government employees: to the extent transferable), effective if and when the article is accepted for publication. This transfer grants the Society of Wood Science and Technology permission to republish all or any part of the article in any form, e.g., reprints for sale, microfiche, proceedings, etc. However, the authors reserve the following as set forth in the Copyright Law:
1. All proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights.
2. The right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. In the case of whole articles, such third parties must obtain Society of Wood Science and Technology written permission as well. However, the Society may grant rights with respect to Journal issues as a whole.
3. The right to use all or part of this article in future works of their own, such as lectures, press releases, reviews, text books, or reprint books.