Improving Photostability and Antifungal Performance of Bamboo with Nanostructured Zinc Oxide


  • Yan Yu
  • Zehui Jiang
  • Genlin Tian
  • Hankun Wang
  • Ye Song


Bamboo, nanostructured ZnO, morphology, photostability, antifungal performance


We report on the formation of zinc oxide (ZnO) films with various morphologies on bamboo to simultaneously furnish it with excellent photostability and antifungal properties. A simple two-step process was adopted, consisting of generation of ZnO seeds on the bamboo surface followed by solution treatment to promote crystal growth. Effect of reaction conditions on film morphologies was systematically investigated. Results indicate morphologies of ZnO films can be tailored from nanoparticles to nanostructured networks and irregular aggregates at the micron scale with different crystallinities through specific combinations of reaction conditions. The photostability and antifungal performances of coated bamboo were greatly improved and highly dependent on both crystallinity and morphologies of ZnO films.


Andersson MA, Nikulin M, Koljalg U, Andersson MC, Rainey F, Reijula K, Hintikka EL, Salkinoja SM (1997) Bacteria, molds, and toxins in water-damaged building materials. Appl Environ Microbiol 63:387-393.nChoy JH, Jang ES, Won JH, Chuang JH, Jang DJ, Kim YW (2003) Soft solution route to directionally grown ZnO nanorods array on Si wafer; room temperature ultraviolet laser. Adv Mater (Deerfield Beach Fla) 15:1911-1914.nGhule K, Ghule AV, Chen BJ, Ling YC (2006) Preparation and characterization of ZnO nanoparticles coated paper and its antibacterial activity study. Green Chem 8:1034-1041.nGreene LE, Law M, Goldberger J, Kim F, Johnson JC, Zhang Y, Saykally RJ, Yang P (2003) Low-temperature wafer-scale production of ZnO nanowire arrays. Angew Chem 115:3139-3142.nKim JY, Osterloh FE (2005) ZnO-CdSe nanoparticles clusters as directional photoemitters with tunable wavelength. J Am Chem Soc 127:10152-10153.nLi QC, Kumar V, Li Y, Zhang HT, Marks TJ, Chang RPH (2005) Fabrication of ZnO nanorods and nanotubes in aqueous solutions. Chem Mater 17:1001-1006.nLiese W (1987) Research on bamboo. Wood Sci Technol 21:189-209.nLiese W, Kumar S (1998). Bamboo preservation compendium. CIBART & ABS & INBAR, Beijing, China.nLu H, Fei B, Xin JH, Wang R, Li L (2006) Fabrication of UV-blocking nanohybrid coating via miniemulsion polymerization. J Colloid Interface Sci 300:111-116.nOkahisa Y, Yoshimura T, Imamura Y (2006) Seasonal and height-dependent fluctuation of starch and free glucose content in moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) and its relation to attack by termites and decay fungi. J Wood Sci 52:445-451.nÖzgür Ü, Alivov YI, Liu C, Teke A, Reshchikov MA, Doğan S, Avrutin V, Cho SJ, Morkoç H (2005) A comprehensive review of ZnO materials and devices. J Appl Phys 98(041301):1-103.nPacholski C, Kornowski A, Weller H (2002) Self-assembly of ZnO: From nanodots to nanorods. Angew Chem Int Ed 41:1188-1191.nTak Y, Park D, Yong K (2006) Characterization of ZnO nanorods arrays fabricated on Si wafers using a low-temperature synthesis method. J Vac Sci Technol B 24:2047-2051.nVayssieres L (2003) Growth of arrayed nano-rods and nanowires of ZnO from aqueous solutions. Adv Mater (Deerfield Beach Fla) 15:464-466.nWang RH, Xin JH, Tao XM, Daoud WA (2004) ZnO nano-rods grown on cotton fabrics at low temperature. Chem Phys Lett 398:250-255.nWang XQ, Ren HQ (2008) Surface deterioration of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens) induced by exposure to artificial sunlight. Appl Surf Sci 254:7029-7034.nWang XQ, Ren HQ (2009) Comparative study of the photo-discoloration of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel) and two wood species. J Wood Sci 55:47-52.nWang ZL (2004) Zinc oxide nanostructures: Growth, properties and applications. J Phys Condens Matter 16: R829-R858.nYamabi S, Imai H (2002) Growth conditions for wurtzite zinc oxide films in aqueous solutions. J Mater Chem 12:3773-3778.nYu Y, Jiang ZH, Wang G, Song Y (2010) Formation of ZnO nanorods for improving color stability of wood. Holzforschung 64:385-390.n






Research Contributions