Steady-State Diffusion of Chloropicrin in Douglas-Fir Heartwood

Perry N. Peralta, Jeffrey J. Morrell

Abstract


The effects of moisture content, flow direction, concentration, and temperature on the diffusion of chloropicrin in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) heartwood were investigated. Diffusion coefficients were strongly affected by wood moisture content. Coefficients for radial and tangential diffusion at the fiber-saturation point were twice as high as those at the oven-dry condition. Longitudinal diffusion coefficients, however, increased only 12.5% when the moisture content was increased over the same range. Longitudinal diffusion coefficients were about three orders of magnitude higher than those in the transverse directions, while there was no significant difference between radial and tangential diffusion coefficients. Diffusion coefficients were independent of concentration, showing the validity of Fick's law of diffusion in characterizing the flow of the fumigant in wood. Diffusion coefficients were always higher at 35 C than at 20 C; however, the difference was not statistically significant, suggesting that the flow of the fumigant is not a temperature-activated process.

Keywords


Diffusion;chloropicrin;fumigant;heartwood;Douglas-fir

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