Energy Value of Paraquat-Treated and Resin-Soaked Loblolly Pine
Keywords:Oleoresin, resin soaking, turpentine, resin acids, paraquat, energy
AbstractWith a basal injector, loblolly pines were treated with 5% paraquat cation (weight weight basis) and harvested after 18 months. The resin acid, turpentine, moisture content (MC), and energy value were measured in three bolts of the stem. In bolt 1, the first 152 cm above the injection site, the increase in resin acids was 392% and in turpentine, 564%. Within the whole stem (the first two 152-cm bolts and the third bolt to a 7.6-cm inside-bark diameter), resin acids and turpentine increased 203 and 296%, respectively. Moisture content was reduced 9%, 8%, and 8% in bolts 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Turpentine from treated and untreated trees had an average heating value of 19,369 cal/g. When weighted for volume, net energy content was 7.8% greater for treated than control trees because of the increase in resin, including turpentine and the lowered MC.
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