Creep Modeling of Wood Using Time-Temperature Superposition


  • Sandhya Samarasinghe
  • Joseph R. Loferski
  • Siegfried M. Holzer


Time-temperature superposition, long-term creep modeling, accelerated creep, master curves, activation energy


The time-temperature superposition principle was used to develop long-term compression creep and recovery models for southern pine exposed to constant environmental conditions using shortterm data. Creep (17-hour) and recovery (40-hour) data were obtained at constant temperature levels ranging from 70 F to 150 F and constant equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of 9%. The data were plotted against log-time, and the resultant curve segments were shifted along the log-time axis with respect to the curve for ambient conditions to construct a master curve applicable to ambient conditions (70 F, 9% EMC) and a longer time period. The master curves were represented by power functions, and they predicted up to 6.4 years of creep and 5.8 years of recovery response. The validity of the master curves for predicting creep of wood exposed to the normal interior environment in buildings was tested by conducting ten-month creep tests in the laboratory. The fluctuating environment caused geometry changes in the surface of the specimens affecting the collected long-term data. Therefore, a good comparison between the master curves and the long-term data was not possible.


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Research Contributions